Encyclopedia of Mineral and Energy Policy

Living Edition
| Editors: Günter Tiess, Tapan Majumder, Peter Cameron

Mexico: Mineral Policy

  • Gian Carlo Delgado RamosEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40871-7_167-1

General Information on Mexico

Mexico covers an area of 1.96 million km2 and accounts for 11,593 km of coast line. Overlapping the Tropic of Cancer, Mexico is a megadiverse country, holding between 10% and 12% of the known species worldwide across prodigious and diverse ecosystems from arid deserts to tropical rainforests and coral reefs.

Mexico’s Federal Republic is composed of 32 states and 2457 municipalities. The government structure is comprised of the Presidency and its secretariats, the Legislative which is arranged into a bicameral Congress (Senate and Chamber of Representatives), and the Judicial power. States also have their executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

The country is the second largest economy in Latin America. In 2015, the GDP almost reached US$ 1.3 trillion. The primary sector of the economy generates 3.3% of the total GDP, secondary activities (where mining is included) generates 32%, tertiary activities generates 59%, and the remaining 5.9% corresponds...


Foreign Direct Investment Mining Company Free Trade Agreement North American Free Trade Agreement Metallogenic Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Camimex (2015) Informe annual 2015. Cámara Minera Mexicana, México. www.camimex.org.mx/index.php/secciones1/publicaciones/informe-anual/informe-anual-2015/. Accessed 8 Feb 2017
  2. DOF (2014) Programa de Desarrollo Minero 2013–2018. Diario Oficial de la Federación. Mexico, 9 May. www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5344070&fecha=09/05/2014. Accessed 8 Feb 2017
  3. Esquivel Hernández G (2015) Desigualdad extrema en México. IGUALES/Oxfam, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  4. Reyes JA, Gómez JP, Muis RO, Zavala R, Ríos GA, Villalobos O (2012) Atlas de Propiedad Social y Servicios Ambientales en México. Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura. Cooperación Técnica Registro Agrario Nacional – Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  5. SEMARNAT (2013) Informe de la situación del medio ambiente en México. Compendio de estadísticas ambientales. Edición 2012. México. http://apps1.semarnat.gob.mx/dgeia/informe_12/pdf/Informe_2012.pdf. Accessed 8 Feb 2017
  6. SGM – Servicio Geológico Mexicano (2015) Anuario Estadístico de la Minería Mexicana, 2014. México’s Federal Government. MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  7. SGM – Servicio Geológico Mexicano (2016) Anuario Estadístico de la Minería Mexicana, 2015. México’s Federal Government. MéxicoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Sciences and HumanitiesNational Autonomous University of MexicoMexico CityMexico