Adaptation as ClimateRisk Management: Methods and Approaches

  • Paul BowyerEmail author
  • Michaela Schaller
  • Steffen Bender
  • Daniela Jacob


This chapter highlights the benefits of framing adaptation to climate change as an issue of climate risk management and describes a number of methods and approaches that may be applied in the process of developing adaptation strategies. A key consideration when developing adaptation strategies is to have a sound understanding of how a given system functions in response to changes in both climate and non-climate factors, and thus the need for a causal model which represents this understanding. There are a range of methods and tools that may be applied to assist with developing this system understanding in a climate risk assessment, and a number of these are described here. Moreover, given that adaptation planning is to a large degree about forward planning, all adaptation strategies will need to appropriately consider the implications of uncertainty on their likely effectiveness. This chapter provides a discussion of the ways in which adaptation strategies can be developed and decisions made when appraising different adaptation strategies. As such, it provides a basis upon which users can assess how they may approach adaptation as an issue of climate risk management and select and apply suitable methods. It provides a useful accompaniment to any practitioner or organization, as they proceed on their adaptation journey.


Risk management Climate change Adaptation Climate information Impact assessment Adaptation assessment Robust decision making Uncertainty 



The authors acknowledge the work of the EU-funded FP6 integrated project ENSEMBLES (contract number 505539), from which Fig. 3 is reproduced.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Bowyer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michaela Schaller
    • 1
  • Steffen Bender
    • 1
  • Daniela Jacob
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Climate Service CenterChilehaus – Eingang BHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Climate Service CenterChilehausHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for MeteorologyHamburgGermany

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