Pediatric Hepatic Physiology

Living reference work entry

Abstract

The liver is a complex organ with a central role in processing the effects of phasic enteral nutrition, while ensuring metabolic homeostasis. It therefore successfully combines various complementary biochemical processes involving proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. It contributes to the breakdown and hence absorption of ingested lipids and is an integral part of cholesterol metabolism and excretion. It remains the only site of excretion of the products of heme degradation via absorption, conjugation, and excretion of bilirubin.

The liver also plays a central role in synthesis of key protein components of the coagulation cascade.

Keywords

Liver physiology Protein metabolism Lipid metabolism Bile excretion Carbohydrate metabolism 

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General Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatric SurgeryKings College Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Paediatric Liver CentreKings College HospitalLondonUK

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