Reference Work Entry

Sports Injuries

pp 861-872

Date:

Allografts in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions

  • Luís Duarte SilvaAffiliated withClínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto Stadium, FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellenceOrthopedic Department ULS–Guarda Email author 
  • , Hélder PereiraAffiliated with3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, University of Minho, GuimarãesICVS/3B’s – PT Government Associated LaboratoryClínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto, Stadium – FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellenceOrthopedic Department, Centro Hospitalar Póvoa de Varzim
  • , Alberto MonteiroAffiliated withClínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto Stadium, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence
  • , Artur Pereira de CastroAffiliated withDESPORSANO Sports Clinic
  • , Sérgio R. PiedadeAffiliated withOrthopaedic and Traumatology Department of FCM/UNICAMP, Univerisdade Estadual de Campinas
  • , Pedro Luís RipollAffiliated withRipoll y De Prado Sport Clinic -FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence
  • , Joaquim Miguel OliveiraAffiliated with3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, University of MinhoICVS/3B’s – PT Government Associated LaboratoryFIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Clínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto Stadium
  • , Rui Luís ReisAffiliated withClínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto Stadium, FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellenceOrthopaedic Department, Hospital de S. SebastiãoICVS/3B’s – PT Government Associated Laboratory3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, University of Minho, Guimarães
  • , João Espregueira-MendesAffiliated with3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, University of Minho, GuimarãesICVS/3B’s – PT Government Associated LaboratoryClínica Espregueira–Mendes F.C. Porto, Stadium – FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellenceOrthopedic Department, Centro Hospitalar Póvoa de Varzim

Abstract

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are often associated with other ligament lesions. Multiligament reconstructions require an important quantity of grafts and often determine the need for cadaver allografts during the surgical repair procedures. Herein, the fundamentals of allografts that have been currently used for PCL reconstructions are overviewed. The main issues to be considered when surgeons choose this therapeutic option are also discussed.