Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis

  • Jürgen SymanzikEmail author
Living reference work entry


In this chapter, we discuss key concepts for exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA). We start with its close relationship to exploratory data analysis (EDA) and introduce different types of spatial data. Then, we discuss how to explore spatial data via different types of maps and via linking and brushing. A key technique for ESDA is local indicators of spatial association (LISA). ESDA needs to be supported by software. We discuss two main lines of software developments: GIS-based solutions and stand-alone solutions.


Geographic information system Spatial data Exploratory data analysis Spatial point pattern Modifiable areal unit problem 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsUtah State UniversityLoganUSA

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