Regional Growth and Convergence Empirics

  • Julie Le GalloEmail author
  • Bernard Fingleton
Living reference work entry


This chapter provides a selective survey of the main developments related to the study of regional convergence. We discuss the methodological issues at stake and show how a number of techniques applied in cross-country studies have been adapted to the study of regional convergence. In doing this, we focus on the two main strands of growth econometrics: the regression approach where predictions from formal neoclassical and other growth theories have been tested using cross-sectional and panel data; and the distribution approach, which typically examines the entire distribution of output per capita across regions. In each case, we show how the analysis of regions rather than countries emphasizes the need to take proper account of spatial interaction effects.


Economic growth Regional convergence Spatial econometrics β-convergence Convergence clubs σ-convergence Distribution dynamics 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CESAER UMR1041AgroSup Dijon, INRA, Université de Bourgogne Franche-ComtéDijon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Department of Land EconomyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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