Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials

Living Edition
| Editors: Shiro Kobayashi, Klaus Müllen

Mechanochromic Polymers

  • Christoph Weder
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36199-9_6-4

Synonyms

Definitions

Mechanochromic polymers are, in the strictest sense of the definition, macromolecular materials, which change their absorption color in response to mechanical action. More broadly defined, polymeric materials that change their emission or reflection color are also included. The term “piezochromic polymer” is often used as a synonym, but strictly speaking it defines the subset of mechanochromic materials that respond to pressure.

Introduction

The visualization of mechanical stresses in polymeric materials by optical changes is useful for a broad range of applications that range from structural health monitoring to tamper-evidencing packaging to piezochromic pressure sensors. In the past two decades, several design approaches have been developed that allow one to bestow polymers or polymer systems with mechanochromic characteristics, i.e., the propensity to change their optical absorption, emission, and/or reflection characteristics in response...

Keywords

Photonic Crystal Methyl Acrylate Colloidal Crystal Reflection Band Phenylene Vinylene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polymer Chemistry and Materials, Adolphe Merkle InstituteUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland