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Bio-acrylates; Itaconic acid; Tulipalin A


Acrylates are among the most versatile chemicals and are used as building blocks for manufacturing commodity products such as vinyl polymers. Renewable vinyl monomers such as tulipalin A and itaconic acid are naturally occurring acrylates and are termed bio-acrylates. Biobased vinyl polymers consisting of bio-acrylate monomers are considered to be promising materials because of their carbon neutrality and durability.


Acrylates belong to a family of chemicals containing the acryloyl group (H2C=CH–C(=O)–) (Fig. 1). Owing to the electron-deficient vinylic double bond present in the acryloyl group, acrylates exhibit high reactivity in radical polymerization, as vinyl monomers can be directly polymerized to vinyl polymers. Acrylates are commonly used as raw materials in the manufacture of commodity products such as adhesives, coatings, plastics, and textiles [1]. Among the products derived from acrylates, sodium...


  • Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization
  • Radical Polymerization
  • Itaconic Acid
  • Levulinic Acid
  • Vinyl Polymer

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Correspondence to Yuji Aso .

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Aso, Y. (2015). Bio-acrylates. In: Kobayashi, S., Müllen, K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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