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Biomaterials; Inorganic/organic hybrid materials


Biocomposites are defined as biocompatible and/or eco-friendly composites. They consist of a large variety of organic and/or inorganic components, such as natural and synthetic polymers, polysaccharides, proteins, sugars, ceramics, metals, and nanocarbons. Biocomposites are present in various forms, such as films, membranes, moldings, coatings, particles, fibers, and foams. In addition to the studies aimed at improving basic mechanical properties and functionalities of the materials, a large number of studies have been conducted to develop eco-friendly composite and/or biomedical materials for use in the fields of sensors, tissue engineering, implants, and scaffolds.


Biocomposite is a category of biocompatible and/or eco-friendly (i.e., green) composites in a broad sense [1, 2]. High-performance biocomposites are often used in contact with living tissues [3]. A wide variety of components, such as...


  • Silk Fibroin
  • Lower Critical Solution Temperature
  • Cell Sheet
  • Nanocomposite Hydrogel
  • Normal Human Dermal Fibroblast

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Correspondence to Kazutoshi Haraguchi .

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Haraguchi, K. (2014). Biocomposites. In: Kobayashi, S., Müllen, K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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