Robot

  • Terje K. Lien
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35950-7_6628-3

Synonyms

Definition

The ISO definition of an industrial robot is: “An industrial robot is an automatically controlled, reprogrammable multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes, which can either be fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications” (ISO 2012).

In the ISO definition, there is a differentiation of robots for industrial use and for other tasks useful to humans. A service robot is a robot that is used to perform all kinds of useful tasks for humans excluding industrial automation tasks. For that reason, the same robot can be classified as either an industrial robot when it is used for assembly or a service robot when it is used to serve food (ISO 2012).

History and Etymology of the Word Robot

The idea of creating machines that mimic human actions or behavior is old. Numerous attempts were made through the centuries to create “live” dolls or similar mechanical devices that could perform...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Asimov I (1964) The rest of the robots. Doubleday, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Čapek K (1923) R.U.R. (Rossum’s universal robots). Doubleday, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Devol G (1954) Programmable article transfer. US patent, US2988237AGoogle Scholar
  4. Harper D (2017) Online etymology dictionary. http://www.dictionary.com/browse/robot. Accessed 13 Feb 2017
  5. IFR (2012) History of industrial robots. International Federation of Robotics, Frankfurt am Main. http://www.ifr.org/fileadmin/user_upload/downloads/forms___info/History_of_Industrial_Robots_online_brochure_by_IFR_2012.pdf Google Scholar
  6. ISO (2012) 8373:2012 robots and robotic devices – vocabulary. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  7. ISO (2013) 9787:2013 robots and robotic devices – coordinate systems and motion nomenclatures. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  8. Lien TK (1979) Coordinate transformations in CNC systems for automatic handling machines. SINTEF, TrondheimGoogle Scholar
  9. Lien TK (1988) Efficient inverse transformations for robot arms. In: Proceedings of the second international symposium on robotics and manufacturing research, education and applications, AlbuquerqueGoogle Scholar
  10. Liu K, Fitzgerald JM, Lewis FL (1993) Kinematic analysis of a Stewart platform manipulator. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 40(2):282–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mason MP (2001) Mechanics of robotic manipulation. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  12. McKerrow JP (1991) Introduction to robotics. Addison-Wesley, SydneyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany