• Terje K. Lien
Living reference work entry



The ISO definition of an industrial robot is: “An industrial robot is an automatically controlled, reprogrammable multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes, which can either be fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications” (ISO 2012).

In the ISO definition, there is a differentiation of robots for industrial use and for other tasks useful to humans. A service robot is a robot that is used to perform all kinds of useful tasks for humans excluding industrial automation tasks. For that reason, the same robot can be classified as either an industrial robot when it is used for assembly or a service robot when it is used to serve food (ISO 2012).

History and Etymology of the Word Robot

The idea of creating machines that mimic human actions or behavior is old. Numerous attempts were made through the centuries to create “live” dolls or similar mechanical devices that could perform...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany