CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti (Editor-in-Chief), Luc Laperrière (Editor-in-Chief), Gunther Reinhart (Editor-in-Chief), Tullio Tolio (Editor-in-Chief), The International Academy for Production


Living reference work entry



Finishing is the final step in the manufacture of components which require the highest quality in terms of form, accuracy and surface integrity. Fine-finishing is an operation that adds functionality to the workpiece surface to enhance its quality characteristics.

Theory and Application

Finishing technology is used as a final added-value manufacturing process to obtain a desired surface quality, geometric form and accuracy. It typically removes a very small amount of material, on the scale of micrometer or less. Finishing processes often follow previous material-processing (e.g. casting, forging) and conventional machining operations (e.g. turning, milling, drilling and grinding). Numerous post-processes fall under the general term “finishing”, and sometimes several of them are used to achieve the final component quality. As hard-machining (e.g....

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Materials ScienceChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Advanced Finishing Technology Ltd.AkronUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland