Assembly Representation

  • Jörg Franke
  • Klaus Feldmann
Living reference work entry


It is a visual representation supplementing the assembly instruction, which shows the structure of the product to be assembled. It shows the chronology and logical sequence of the necessary assembly steps which lead to the final product (Delchambre 1992).

Theory and Application

There are several ways to visualize the assembly operations sequence and to describe process and machine parameters as well as instructions for manual assembly. The VDI Guidelines ( VDI 2860) have specified several basic symbols representing elementary assembly steps. These symbols can be used to describe complex assembly processes. The illustration of assembly steps within the so-called virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) or using Digital Mockup (DMU) bases upon image sequences of the hierarchically structured computer-aided design (CAD) data (Leu et al. 2013). A fully automated determination of the assembly order is facilitated through the analysis of configuration space and the...
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Factory Automation and Production SystemsFriedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany