# Integrated Earthquake Simulation

**DOI:**https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_65

## Synonyms

End-to-end earthquake simulations; Large-scale earthquake simulations

## Introduction

A major earthquake in a commercial metropolis can inflict catastrophic disasters, crippling economy, causing loss of lives, and damaging infrastructure and properties. Even though the earthquake itself cannot be predicted, it is a possibility that the associated catastrophic losses can be prevented by implementing sound disaster mitigation plans; retrofitting the infrastructures, implementing good crisis management and recovery plans, etc. (NEES report 2004). This requires reliable predictions of damages due to anticipating earthquake scenarios. The conventional predictions are based on empirical relations which are obtained by statistical analysis of past earthquake disasters. These empirical predictions are less reliable since the conditions during the recorded major earthquakes, which are rare and have return periods of half a century or more, are significantly different from the conditions...

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