Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Learning from Earthquake Disasters

  • Sarah BeavenEmail author
  • Thomas Wilson
  • Lucy Johnston
  • David Johnston
  • Richard Smith
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_353

Synonyms

All-hazards risk mitigation; Co-creation of knowledge; Disaster data management; Earthquake risk reduction; Global disaster rates; Policy learning

Introduction

The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) defines disaster as the “serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society involving widespread human, material economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources” (UNISDR 2014). The idea of learning, from earthquake disasters, to reduce the risks associated with future earthquakes is widely held around the world and across a range of sectors. The United Nations defines disaster risk reduction as the “concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Beaven
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Thomas Wilson
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lucy Johnston
    • 2
  • David Johnston
    • 4
    • 5
  • Richard Smith
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  3. 3.Natural Hazards Research GroupUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  4. 4.Joint Centre for Disaster ResearchGNS Science/Massey UniversityWellingtonNew Zealand
  5. 5.Risk and SocietyGNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  6. 6.Science and EducationEarthquake CommissionWellingtonNew Zealand