Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Intensity Scale ESI 2007 for Assessing Earthquake Intensities

  • Pablo G. SilvaEmail author
  • Alessandro Maria Michetti
  • Luca Guerrieri
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_31

Synonyms

Earthquake geological effects; Environmental seismic intensity; Macroseismic scale

Introduction

Earthquake intensity scales were introduced at the end of the nineteenth century (e.g., Rossi-Forel, Cancani, Mercalli) in order to characterize source parameters, damage distribution, and environmental impact of relevant seismic events. These intensity scales were based on a classification of earthquake effects on humans, on buildings, and on the natural environment.

Intensity provides a measure of earthquake-induced damage both at a site (local intensity) and at the epicenter (epicentral intensity). It is important to note that intensity evaluations consider the coseismic effects in the whole range of frequencies of vibratory ground motion, together with those resulting from static, finite deformations (fault ground ruptures). It is common practice to use the term “macroseismicity” to describe effects that are measurable with the intensity scales, because very small earthquakes...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo G. Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alessandro Maria Michetti
    • 2
  • Luca Guerrieri
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de GeologíaUniversidad de Salamanca, Escuela Politécnica Superior de ÁvilaAvilaSpain
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta TecnologiaUniversità dell’InsubriaComoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Geological SurveyISPRA, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca AmbientaleRomeItaly