Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Lead-Rubber Bearings with Emphasis on Their Implementation to Structural Design

  • Ioannis KalpakidisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_307

Synonyms

Base isolation; Bridge bearings; Elastomeric bearings; Lead-plug bearings; Lead-rubber bearings; Rubber bearings; Seismic isolation

Introduction

The seismic design of conventionally framed bridges and buildings relies on the dissipation of earthquake-induced energy through inelastic (nonlinear) response in selected components of the structural frame. Such response is associated with structural damage that produces direct (capital) loss repair cost, indirect loss (possible closure, rerouting, business interruption), and perhaps casualties (injuries, loss of life) (Constantinou et al. 2007b).

There are various mechanisms/devices that have been invented in the past for the protection of structures from the damaging effects of earthquakes. A lot of these devices are based on the idea of uncoupling the structures from the ground. Rollers, layers of sand, or similar materials are among the ideas proposed in the past to allow a building to slide. Such mechanisms are early versions of...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KBRHoustonUSA