Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Hyperspectral Data in Urban Areas

  • Giorgio Antonino LicciardiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_221

Synonyms

Change detection; Data fusion; Hyperspectral images; Hyperspectral sensors; Image processing; Material identification; Remote sensing

Introduction

The scope of this entry is to introduce hyperspectral remote sensing data and its applications in urban environment.

In the last decades imaging spectroscopy (Goetz et al. 1985), commonly referred to as hyperspectral remote sensing, has become a widely used method for identification and quantification of surface materials in different kinds of environments, such as urban, rural, and geological areas (Heiden et al. 2012).

A hyperspectral sensor is able to record a high number of spectral bands, corresponding to narrow contiguous wavelength intervals. This characteristic permits the discrimination of different materials based on their unique spectral characteristics, called spectral signature. In general, two materials can be distinguished by broad and narrow spectral reflectance features determined by the chemical composition of the...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GIPSA-Lab – INP GrenobleGrenoble Institute of TechnologySaint Martin d’HèresFrance