Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Liquefaction: Countermeasures to Mitigate Risk

  • Rolando P. OrenseEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_19


Ground improvement; Liquefaction mitigation; Liquefaction prevention; Liquefaction remediation


Past several earthquakes have vividly demonstrated the impact of soil liquefaction and the associated ground deformations to buildings, bridges, buried lifelines, and other civil infrastructure. To reduce the risk of damage to the structures, remediation measures are usually employed. In order to implement a successful remediation work for a target structure, a thorough understanding of the following are required: the liquefaction hazard at the site, the potential consequences of liquefaction for the structure, the performance requirements of the work, and the available construction materials and methods. Several alternative approaches can be taken if liquefaction poses as threat to existing or proposed structures. For existing structures, the choices are:
  1. (1)

    Retrofitting the structure and/or site to reduce the potential failure

  2. (2)

    Abandoning the structure if the...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand