Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Liquefaction: Performance of Building Foundation Systems

  • Shideh DashtiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_16

Synonyms

Building settlement on softened ground; Shallow-founded structures on liquefiable soils; Soil-structure-interaction on softened ground

Definition

When founded on liquefiable ground, building response is commonly evaluated by the geotechnical engineer and structural engineer in a decoupled manner. The geotechnical engineer evaluates the potential for liquefaction triggering under a likely earthquake scenario (in most cases ignoring the presence of the structure), assesses the resulting building settlements, and typically designs a mitigation strategy to prevent liquefaction from occurring or to reduce settlements. On the other side, the structural engineer typically evaluates the seismic performance of the structure under fixed-base conditions (no soil-structure interaction considered), assuming that the liquefaction hazard is mitigated or bypassed. In performance-based structural design, the building performanceis evaluated in terms of critical engineering demand parameters...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural EngineeringUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA