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Intellectual Property and Medical Biotechnologies

  • Alexandre L. D. Pereira
Reference work entry

Abstract

Biotechnology offers relevant applications in the medical sector. In particular, genetic engineering provides new methods of diagnosis and therapeutic processes which are very important in such areas as preventing and fighting cancer. Concurrently, biomedical technologies are at the core of important economic activities, generally known as biotech industries. High-risk investment in research and development (R&D) activities is required, and companies claim intellectual property protection for their biotechnological assets, both as a shield and sword against free riders and pirates. Gene patenting is a sensitive issue, not only in what concerns the distinction between inventions and “products of nature” but also concerning implications of public morality and ordre public. This chapter discusses these issues, focusing on intellectual property (IP) protection of biotechnology, in special gene patents, under EU legislation [1].

Keywords

European Union Intellectual Property Human Embryo Legal Protection Patent Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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