Quantum Description of Optical Near Fields Including Vibrational Degrees of Freedom

  • Kiyoshi Kobayashi
  • Yuji Tanaka
  • Tadashi Kawazoe
  • Motoichi Ohtsu
Reference work entry

Abstract

Quantum theoretical description of optical near fields is discussed from the viewpoint of effective photon–matter interactions and localized photons. On the basis of experimental data of photodissociation of molecules, a phonofs role is emphasized in light-matter interacting system at the nanoscale. After the brief introduction of localized and delocalized phonon modes, a simple extended model for a pseudo one-dimensional optical near-field probe system is presented in order to discuss the mechanism of photon localization in space as well as the role of phonons at the nanoscale.

Keywords

Coherent State Electronic Excitation Energy Impurity Site Exciton Polariton Phonon Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to H. Hori (Yamanashi Univ.), S. Sangu (Ricoh Co., Ltd.), A. Shojiguchi (NEC Co.), K. Kitahara (International Christian Univ.), T. Yatsui (Japan Science and Technology Agency), M. Tsukada (Waseda Univ.), H. Nejo (National Institute for Materials Science), M. Naruse (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), M. Ikezawa (Univ. of Tsukuba), A. Sato (Tokyo Institute of Technology), and I. Banno (Yamanashi Univ.) for stimulating discussions. This work was supported in part by the twenty-first Century COE program at Tokyo Institute of Technology “Nanometer-Scale Quantum Physics” and by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, and by CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Ohtsu, K. Kobayashi, Optical Near Fields (Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Hosaka, T. Saiki, J. Microsc. 202, 362 (2001)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Matsuda, T. Saiki, S. Nomura, M. Mihara, Y. Aoyagi, S. Nair, T. Takagahara, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 177401 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Yamamoto, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu, V. Polonski, G.H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2173 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Kawazoe, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1184 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Yatsui, M. Ueda, Y. Yamamoto, T. Kawazoe, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3651 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2957 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, A. Shojiguchi, T. Kawazoe, K. Kitahara, M. Ohtsu, J. Microsc. B 210, 247 (2003)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Sangu, K. Kobayashi, A. Shojiguchi, M. Ohtsu, Phys. Rev. B 69, 115334 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 103102 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Bialynicki-Birula, Photon wave function, in Progress in Optics, vol. 36, ed. by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 248–294Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Cho, Optical Response of Nanostructures: Microscopic Nonlocal Theory (Springer, Berlin, 2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, M. Ohtsu, Quantum theoretical approach to optical near-fields and some related application, in Progress in Nano-Electro-Optics I, ed. by M. Ohtsu (Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003), pp. 119–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O. Keller, Phys. Rep. 411, 1 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Shojiguchi, K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, K. Kitahara, M. Ohtsu, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 2984 (2003)ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Shojiguchi, K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, K. Kitahara, M. Ohtsu, A phenomenological description of optical near fields and optical properties of N two-level systems interacting with optical near fields, in Progress in Nano-Electro-Optics III, ed. by M. Ohtsu (Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2005), pp. 145–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, J. Lim, Y. Narita, M. Ohtsu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067404 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, T. Kawazoe, M. Ohtsu, J. Lumin. 112, 117 (2005); 114, 315 (2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Scheibner, T. Schmidt, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, G. Bacher, T. Passow, D. Hommel, Nat. Phys. 3, 106 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, S. Takubo, M. Ohtsu, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024715 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Kobayashi, T. Kawazoe, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 4, 517 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. B 84, 247 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    See, for example, J.J. Sakurai, Advanced Quantum Mechanics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1967)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T.D. Newton, E.P. Wigner, Rev. Mod. Phys. 21, 400 (1949)ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1875 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.O. Scully, M.S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Kobayashi, M. Ohtsu, J. Microsc. 194, 249 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    K. Kobayashi, S. Sangu, H. Ito, M. Ohtsu, Phys. Rev. A. 63, 013806 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. John, T. Quang, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4083 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H. Suzuura, T. Tsujikawa, T. Tokihiro, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1294 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C.R. Kagan, C.B. Murray, M. Nirmal, M.G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1517 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S.A. Crooker, J.A. Hollingsworth, S. Tretiak, V.I. Klimov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186802 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. Yatsui, M. Ohtsu, S.J. An, J. Yoo, G.-C. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 033101 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. McDermott, S.M. Prince, A.A. Freer, A.M. Hawthornthwaite-Lawless, M.Z. Papiz, R.J. Cogdell, N.W. Isaacs, Nature 374, 517 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Mukai, S. Abe, H. Sumi, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6096 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    R.L. Jackson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 163, 315 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    R.L. Jackson, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 5938 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. Schinke, Photodissociation Dynamics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Haken, H.C. Wolf, Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry (Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    T. Kawazoe, K. Kobayashi, M. Ohtsu, Appl. Phys. B 84, 247 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J.J. Hopfield, Phys. Rev. 112, 1555 (1958)ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    A.L. Ivanov, H. Haug, L.V. Keldysh, Phys. Rep. 296, 237 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    C. Falvo, V. Pouthier, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 014701 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    M.E. Striefler, G.R. Barsch, Phys. Rev. B 12, 4553 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    D. Paton, W.M. Visscher, Phys. Rev. 154, 802 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    A.J. Sievers, A.A. Maradudin, S.S. Jaswal, Phys. Rev. 138, A272 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    S. Mizuno, Phys. Rev. B 65, 193302 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    T. Yamamoto, K. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 255503 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    A.S. Davydov, G.M. Pestryakov, Phys. Status Solidi (b) 49, 505 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    L. Jacak, P. Machnikowski, J. Krasnyj, P. Zoller, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 319 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    K. Mizoguchi, T. Furuihi, O. Kojima, M. Nakayama, S. Saito, A. Syouji, K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 093102 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    V. Pouthier, C. Girardet, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 5100 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiyoshi Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Yuji Tanaka
    • 2
  • Tadashi Kawazoe
    • 3
  • Motoichi Ohtsu
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and EngineeringUniversity of YamanashiKofuJapan
  2. 2.Steel Research LaboratoryJFE Steel CorporationKawasaki-kuJapan
  3. 3.School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Nanophotonics Research CenterThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations