The Family Alcaligenaceae

  • Brian Austin
Reference work entry


Alcaligenaceae, a family in the order Burkholderiales of the β-Proteobacteria, comprises the genera Achromobacter, Advenella, Alcaligenes, Bordetella, Brackiella, Candidimonas, Castellaniella, Derxia, Kerstersia, Oligella, Paenalcaligenes, Paralcaligenes, Parapusillimonas, Pelistega, Pigmentiphaga, Pusillimonas, and Taylorella. The cultures are Gram-negative asporogenous rods, which have been recovered from a variety of habitats, including animals and human diseases, e.g., Bordetella pertussis from whooping cough, and the terrestrial and aquatic environments. The major isoprenoid quinone is Q-8. The dominant fatty acids include C16:0 and C17:0 cyclo. The G+C content of the DNA is 36–73 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequencing evidence has been used to delineate members of the family.


Major Fatty Acid Itaconic Acid Ornithine Decarboxylase MacConkey Agar Respiratory Quinone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Aquaculture, School of Natural SciencesUniversity of StirlingStirlingScotland, UK

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