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The Family Methylophilaceae

  • Nina Doronina
  • Elena Kaparullina
  • Yuri Trotsenko
Reference work entry

Abstract

Methylophilaceae, a family within the order Methylophilales, embraces the genera Methylophilus (type genus), Methylobacillus, Methylovorus, and Methylotenera. Betaproteobacterial obligate and restricted facultative methylotrophs capable of utilizing methanol or methylamine as a sole source of carbon and energy. Do not use methane (methylobacteria). Gram-negative rods, multiply by binary fission. Assimilate C1 compounds via the ribulose monophosphate (Quayle) cycle. Major fatty acids are C16:1ω7c and C16:0. However, obligate methylobacteria possess similar morphology and metabolic organization. Thus, the main criteria used to clarify obligate methylobacteria into separate genera and species are their genomic and phylogenetic characteristics. On the other hand, members of the family are defined by some chemotaxonomic and biochemical properties, such as specific phospholipids and enzymes which are used for the delineation of genera. Members of the family are mainly found in activated sludge, mud, river, lake and pond waters, and plants.

Keywords

Activate Sludge Nalidixic Acid Basal Salt Medium Binary Fission Major Cellular Fatty Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Doronina
    • 1
  • Elena Kaparullina
    • 1
  • Yuri Trotsenko
    • 1
  1. 1.G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of MicroorganismsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia

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