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The Prokaryotes pp 999-1004 | Cite as

The Family Spirillaceae

  • Margarita Grabovich
  • Galina Dubinina
Reference work entry

Abstract

Spirillaceae, a family with the order Nitrosomonadales, class of Betaproteobacteria, is monogeneric and contains only one genus Spirillum. Phylogenetic neighbors are the families Nitrosomonadaceae, Methylophilaceae, and species Sulfuricella denitrificans, which belong to the family Hydrogenophilaceae. Members of the family Spirillaceae (genus Spirillum) are a monophyletic branch of closely related organisms with similar phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The genus is represented by three species (S. volutans, S. winogradskyi, and S. kriegii). All three species are morphologically close to each other and present themselves as large spiral cells. They are facultative microaerophiles with low level G + C (38–38.9 mol %) content and characterized by similar habitat environments. Preferably, they develop in stagnated water such as ponds, and industrial and domestic liquid-waste drains with microaerobic conditions and a high concentration of organic substrates.

Keywords

Casein Hydrolysate Aeration Tank Microaerobic Condition Reduce Sulfur Compound International Collection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Cell Physiology, Faculty of BiologyVoronezh State UniversityVoronezhRussia
  2. 2.Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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