Bacteriocyte-Associated Endosymbionts of Insects

  • Paul Baumann
  • Nancy A. Moran
  • Linda C. Baumann

Abstract

Intracellular associations between bacteria and insects are widespread in nature (Baumann and Moran 1997; Buchner 1965; Dasch et al. 1984; Douglas 1989; Houk and Griffiths 1980). Extensive studies of the natural history of such associations have led to the conclusion that they are commonly found in insects that utilize diets containing an excess of one class of compounds but a deficiency of some essential nutrients (Buchner 1965; Dadd 1985). It was thought that the function of the endosymbionts was to rectify this imbalance by the synthesis of these essential nutrients for the host. Extensive compilations of the occurrence of endosymbionts in different groups of insects are found in Buchner (1965) and Dasch et al. (1984). Because most of the prokaryotes involved in such associations are not cultivable on common laboratory media, their characterization had to await the development of recombinant DNA methodology. The past 10 years have witnessed the initiation of studies on the intracellular association of prokaryotes with a variety of insect hosts. In this chapter, we will provide an overview of the evolution and, where possible, genetics and physiology of such recently studied associations. A summary of some of their features is presented in Table 19.1, and the phylogeny of the endosymbionts based on 16S rDNA is presented in Fig. 19.1.

Keywords

Essential Amino Acid Aphid Species Aphid Host Replicon Type Endosymbiont Genome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Baumann
    • 1
  • Nancy A. Moran
    • 2
  • Linda C. Baumann
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesUniversity of California Cooperative ExtensionDavisUSA
  2. 2.Biological and Biomedical Sciences ProgramYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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