The Family Nocardiopsaceae

Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Nocardiopsaceae has been defined on phylogenetic grounds (Rainey et al. 1996). It is one of ten families included in the order Streptosporangiales Goodfellow (Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 5 Part B, Springer, New York, 2012). Morphologically, members of the family are characterized by an extensively branched mycelium, which bear nonmotile spores of different numbers and shapes. Diaminopimelic acid is the diagnostic amino acid of peptidoglycan. Fatty acids and polar lipid patterns are complex. Menaquinones have 9–11 isoprenoid units with varying degrees of hydrogenation. Members are widely distributed in soil, especially saline and hypersaline soils. The four genera described at the time of the latest release of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, e.g., Nocardiopsis (Hozzein and Trujillo 2012), Haloactinospora (Trujillo and Goodfellow 2012), Streptomonospora (Cui 2012) and Thermobifida (Trujillo and Goodfellow 2012) cover extensively the taxonomic properties, enrichment, ecology and presence of secondary metabolites of the species. This communication will cover additional species and genera described since 2012.

Keywords

Polar Lipid Salient Feature Molecular Signature Phylogenetic Position Genus Affiliation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell CulturesBraunschweigGermany

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