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The Family Promicromonosporaceae

  • Peter Schumann
  • Erko Stackebrandt
Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Promicromonosporaceae, composed of 7 genera and 26 validly named species, is a family of the order Micrococcales. Morphologically, most members of the family form a primary mycelium; aerial hyphae are sparse and are formed only on certain media. Individual cells, often fragmentation products of vegetative mycelium, are nonmotile and short rods to coccoid in shape. Chemotaxonomically, members are defined by l-lysine at position 3 of the peptide subunit of the peptidoglycan and a dicarboxylic amino acid in its interpeptide bridge (peptidoglycan type A4α). Members are similar with respect to their polar lipids, major menaquinones, and principal fatty acids. Certain members of Cellulosimicrobium have been isolated in the clinical environment and should be considered as opportunistic pathogens. Several species are of industrial significance due to the presence of glucanases, cellulases, xylanases, and mannases. Culture and nonculture studies revealed their presence in diverse environmental samples but rarely in significant numbers.

Keywords

Type Strain Substrate Mycelium Monospecific Genus Major Menaquinone Chemotaxonomic Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell CulturesBraunschweigGermany

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