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The Family Beutenbergiaceae

  • Moriyuki Hamada
Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Beutenbergiaceae is a member of the order Micrococcales and comprises the monospecific genera Beutenbergia, Miniimonas, Salana, and Serinibacter. Cells of members of the family are irregular rods and cocci and may exhibit a rod–coccus life cycle. All the species are Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, non-motile, non-acid fast, and do not contain mycolic acids. Oxidase activity is variable, and endospores are not formed. Members of the family are defined by a wide range of chemotaxonomic properties. Cross-linkage of the peptidoglycan is of the A type with an l-serine residue at position 1 of the peptide subunit (with the exception of the genus Beutenbergia); the diagnostic diamino acids are either l-lysine (Beutenbergia and Serinibacter) or l-ornithine (Salana and Miniimonas). The interpeptide bridge contains l-glutamic acid. The predominant menaquinone is MK-8(H4). The cellular fatty acid profiles consist of iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids. Saturated straight-chain fatty acids may be present as major components. The G + C content of the genomic DNA ranges between 71 mol% and 75 mol%. The phylogenetic neighbors are the families Bogoriellaceae, Ruaniaceae, Jonesiaceae, and Actinomycetaceae.

Keywords

Mycolic Acid Leucine Arylamidase Esterase Lipase Muramic Acid Major Cellular Fatty Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biological Resource CenterNational Institute of Technology and Evaluation (NBRC)KisarazuJapan

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