The Family Thermodesulfobacteriaceae

Reference work entry

Abstract

Thermodesulfobacteriaceae is the only family belonging to the order Thermodesulfobacteriales, class Thermodesulfobacteria, and phylum Thermodesulfobacteria and consists of the 4 valid genera, Thermodesulfobacterium, Thermodesulfatator, Caldimicrobium, and Thermosulfurimonas and the invalid genus Geothermobacterium. They are Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-sporulating, anaerobic thermophiles that grow with sulfur compounds or Fe(III) as an energy source. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene demonstrates that this family is one of the deeply branching lineages within the domain Bacteria. They inhabit thermal environments such as terrestrial hot springs, oil reservoirs, and hydrothermal fields.

Keywords

Lateral Gene Transfer Spore Formation Hydrothermal Field Sulfur Sulfur Sulfite Reductase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biological Resource CenterNational Institute of Technology and Evaluation (NBRC)KisarazuJapan

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