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The Family Sporolactobacillaceae

  • Young-Hyo Chang
  • Erko Stackebrandt
Reference work entry

Abstract

With Sporolactobacillus, Tuberibacillus, and Pullulanibacillus, the family Sporolactobacillaceae (Ludwig W, Schleifer K-H, Whitman WB. Family VII Sporolactobacillaceae. In: De Vos P, Garrity GM, Jones D, Krieg NR, Ludwig W, Rainey FA, Schleifer K-H, Whitman WB (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, The Firmicutes, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, p 386, Validation List N° 132 Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, 2010, 60:469–472, 2009) embraces three genera of Gram-positive, spore-forming rods with identical peptidoglycan and menaquinone composition and similar fatty acid composition. A fourth genus with no standing in nomenclature, Scopulibacillus, should be validated and added to the family. On the other hand, the genus, Sinobaca, considered a member of the family by some systematists, shows a separate phylogenetic position and differs in phenotypic properties from members of Sporolactobacillaceae. The biotechnological important genus is Sporolactobacillus, as members are potentially probiotic and some members produce high amount of d(−)-lactic acid in batch and continuous cultures containing inexpensive agricultural raw material. The stereocomplex of d- and l-lactic acid is of industrial importance for the production of polylactic acid, widely used in the packaging, food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and leather industries as well as in agriculture and medicine.

Keywords

Polylactic Acid Potassium Sorbate Peritrichous Flagellum Probiotics Diet Swell Sporangium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Parts of this chapter has been prepared under the EMbaRC project [EU Seventh Framework Programme Research Infrastructures INFRA-2008-1.1.2.9: Biological Resources Centres (BRCs) for microorganisms (Grant agreement number: FP7-228310)] to support science in BRCs. Part of this work was supported by grant of the KRIBB Research Initiative Program funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Republic of Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Korean Collection for Type Cultures, Biological Resource CentreKorea Research Institute of Bioscience and BiotechnologyDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbHBraunschweigGermany

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