The Family Thermolithobacteriaceae

  • Tatyana Sokolova
  • Juergen Wiegel
Reference work entry


Thermolithobacteraceae is a family within an order Thermolithobacterales. It is a monogeneric family and contains two species Thermolithobacter ferrireducens and T. carboxydivorans. Both species are strict anaerobes and extreme thermophiles isolated from terrestrial hot springs. Thermolithobacter species are very close phylogenetically to each other possessing 16S rRNA genes with 99 % of similarity. T. ferrireducens and T. carboxydivorans cells are short rods 1.8–2.0 by 0.5 μm. They are extreme thermophiles and neutrophiles. Both species can grow chemolithoautotrophically. While T. ferrireducens grows at the expense of H2 oxidation with Fe(III) as e-acceptor, T. carboxydivorans grows on CO. The nearest phylogenetically neighboring family is Incertae Sedis XVI which consists of Carboxydocella species, also chemolithoautotrophic CO utilizers.


Ferric Iron Band Iron Formation Sodium Sulfide Strict Anaerobe Iron Citrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by Molecular Cell Biology Program Russian Academy of Sciences.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Winogradsky Institute of MicrobiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyThe University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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