The Family Carnobacteriaceae

  • Paul A. Lawson
  • Matthew E. Caldwell
Reference work entry


Carnobacteriaceae, a family of the order Lactobacillales, within the phylum Firmicutes, embraces the genera Carnobacterium, Alkalibacterium, Allofustis, Alloiococcus, Atopobacter, Atopococcus, Atopostipes, Bavariicoccus, Desemzia, Dolosigranulum, Granulicatella, Isobaculum, Jeotgalibaca, Lacticigenium, Marinilactibacillus, Pisciglobus, and Trichococcus. Circumscribed mainly on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and defined by a wide range of morphological and chemotaxonomic properties, such as polar lipids, fatty acids, amino acids of peptidoglycan, and whole-cell sugars which are used for the delineation of genera and species. Members of the family are mainly found associated with food products, human, and cold environmental sources.


Leucine Arylamidase Nite Biological Resource Center Predominant Cellular Fatty Acid Nutritionally Variant Streptococcus Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We to thank Pablo Yarza of the Marine Microbiology Group, Institut Mediterrani d’Estudis Avanc¸ats (CSIC-UIB), C/ Miquel Marque’s 21,E-07190 Esporles, Illes Balears, Mallorca, Spain for the construction of the phylogenetic tree.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Plant BiologyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA

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