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The Families Erysipelotrichaceae emend., Coprobacillaceae fam. nov., and Turicibacteraceae fam. nov.

  • Susanne Verbarg
  • Markus Göker
  • Carmen Scheuner
  • Peter Schumann
  • Erko Stackebrandt
Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Erysipelotrichaceae, comprising 10 genera and 12 validly named species, is a family of the order Erysipelotrichales, class Erysipelotrichia within the phylum Firmicutes, remotely related by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis with some members of Tenericutes (Mollicutes). The phenotype encompasses microaerophilic and anaerobic, spore- and nonsporing organisms, embracing rod-shaped cells to helical and curled rods, appearing singly, in short chains or V-forms. In addition to authentic members of the family, several (misclassified) members of the genera Streptococcus, Eubacterium, and Clostridium are affiliated to the family. Based upon full genome analyses and 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses, the family is polyphyletic and two new families are described on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene tree topology. All members are associated to one or several different hosts, often mammals, but also birds, fish, and marine invertebrates. Besides the obligate pathogen Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, causing erysipeloid in humans and erysipelas in swine, most of the other members are found as opportunistic pathogens affecting various parts of the body. Cultivation-based and cultivation-independent studies have revealed their presence in diverse environmental samples but rarely in significant numbers.

Keywords

Diamino Acid Potassium Tellurite Peptidoglycan Type Numerical Taxonomic Study Isobutyl Ester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Verbarg
    • 1
  • Markus Göker
    • 1
  • Carmen Scheuner
    • 1
  • Peter Schumann
    • 1
  • Erko Stackebrandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbHBraunschweigGermany

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