Encyclopedia of Trauma Care

2015 Edition
| Editors: Peter J. Papadakos, Mark L. Gestring

Phantom Limb Pain

  • Talal W. KhanEmail author
  • Edward E. Braun
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29613-0_482



Phantom limb pain (PLP) is the persistent perception of pain in a limb that has been amputated. This phenomenon was described as early as the sixteenth century by a French military surgeon Ambroise Pare. PLP may afflict up to 90 % of individuals after loss of a limb. Besides pain after the loss of a limb, phantom sensations have also been described after removal of other organs (Table 1), enucleation, and even with multiple sclerosis (Jensen et al. 1985).
Phantom Limb Pain, Table 1

Body parts associated with phantom sensations/pain











Stomach (partial)




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA