The word sustainability is derived from the Latin sustinere (tenere, to hold; sus, up). The way in which sustainability is used nowadays is based on the English term “sustainability,” which is an expression of the possibility of a certain matter to be supported. Sustainability is seen as a paradigm for thinking about the future in which environmental, societal, and economic considerations are balanced in the pursuit of an improved quality of life. The ideals and principles behind it lays on broad concepts such as intergenerational equity, gender equity, social tolerance, poverty alleviation, environmental preservation and restoration, natural resource conservation, and building just and peaceful societies.
Sustainable development is the overarching paradigm of the United Nations. The concept of sustainable development was described by the (1987) Brundtland Commission Report as “development that meets the...
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
References and Readings
Bell, S., & Morse, S. (2008). Sustainability indicators: Measuring the immeasurable. London: Earthscan.
Business in the Community. (2008). Brand benefits: How cause related marketing impacts on brand equity, consumer behaviour and the bottom line. London: BITC.
Brundtland Commission. (1987). Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Carson, R. (1962). Silent spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Doppelt, B. (2008). The power of sustainable thinking. How to create positive future for the climate, the planet, your organization and your life. London: Earthscan.
Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks – the triple bottom line of 21st century business. Gabriola Island: Chapstone.
Elkington, J. (1999). Triple bottom line revolution: Reporting for the third millennium. Australian CPA, 69(10/11), 75–77.
Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Huckle, J. (2005, April). Education for sustainable development in Europe: Some current challenges. Presentation to a conference on environmental education organised by the Hellenic Association for the Protection of the Environment and Cultural Heritage. University of Piraeus.
Jorna, R. J., & Hadders, H. (2010). The many faces of sustainability describing, analyzing and measuring sustainability in the Wadden region. Fryske Akademy (KNAW) and University of Groningen. http://www.waddenacademie.knaw.nl/fileadmin/inhoud/pdf/03-Thema_s/Economie/2010-02_Many_faces_of_Sustainability.pdf. Accessed 20 June 2011.
Ki-moon, B. (2007). Sustainable development. UNESCO. http://www.unesco.org. Accessed 20 June 2011.
Meadows, D. H., Meadows, D. L., Randers, J., & Behrens, W. W., III. (1972). The limits to growth: A report of the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe books.
Ministry of the Environment. (1998). The Finnish government programme for sustainable development (The Finnish Environment 266). Helsinki: Environmental Policy.
Naess, A. (1973). The shallow and the deep – Long-range ecology movements: A summary. Inquiry, 16, 95–100.
National Research Council, Policy Division, Board on Sustainable Development. (1999). Our common journey: A transition toward sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Norton, B. (2005). Sustainability: A philosophy of adaptive ecosystem management. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Schrader, U. (2003). Corporate citizenship: Die unternehmung als guter Bürger? Berlin: Springer.
Singer, P. (2002). One World: The ethics of globalisation. New Haven: Yale University Press.
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (1992). Earth summit. Agenda 21. The United Nations Programme of action from Rio. Division of Sustainable Development. http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21/res_agenda21_00.shtml. Accessed 20 June 2011.
United Nations. (Ed.). (2003). Johannesburg declaration on sustainable development and plan of implementation of the world summit on sustainable development. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information.
United Nations Environment Programme, Environment for Development. Rio declaration on environment and development. http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?documentid=78&articleid=1163. Accessed 20 June 2011.
United Nations General Assembly. (1987). Development and international economic co-operation: Environment. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427 – Development and International Co-operation: Environment. http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N87/184/67/IMG/N8718467.pdf?OpenElement. Accessed 20 June 2011.
Westebbe, A., & Logan, D. (1995). Corporate citizenship: Unternehmen im gesellschaftlichen dialog. Wiesbaden: Gabler.
Editors and Affiliations
Rights and permissions
© 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
About this entry
Cite this entry
Jeronen, E. (2013). Sustainability and Sustainable Development. In: Idowu, S.O., Capaldi, N., Zu, L., Gupta, A.D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Corporate Social Responsibility. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28036-8_662
Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Print ISBN: 978-3-642-28035-1
Online ISBN: 978-3-642-28036-8
eBook Packages: Business and EconomicsReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences