Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Color Vision, Opponent Theory

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_92-1

Synonyms

Definition

Opponency in human color vision refers to the idea that our perceptual color mechanisms are arranged in an opponent fashion. One mechanism, the red-green mechanism, signals colors ranging from red to green; the other one, the yellow-blue mechanism, signals colors ranging from yellow to blue. This opponency is often referred to as hue opponency, as opposed to cone opponency.

Behavioral Evidence for Color-Opponent Processing

Hering [ 1] was the first to notice that some pairs of colors, namely, red and green and yellow and blue, cannot be perceived at the same time. He named these pairs of colors “Gegenfarben” [opponent colors] since they are mutually exclusive colors; in Hering’s original figure (Fig. 1), this mutual exclusivity is conveyed by the lack of overlap between red and green and between yellow and blue. The idea is that these opponent colors constitute the end points...

Keywords

Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Ambient Illumination Chromaticity Diagram Opponent Color Opponent Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Hering, E.: Grundzüge der Lehre vom Lichtsinn. Julius Springer, Berlin (1920)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jameson, D., Hurvich, L.: Some quantitative aspects of an opponent-colors theory. I. Chromatic responses and spectral saturation. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 546–552 (1955)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Larimer, J., Krantz, D., Cicerone, C.: Opponent-process additivity. I: red/green equilibria. Vision Res. 14, 1127–1140 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Larimer, J., Krantz, D., Cicerone, C.: Opponent-process additivity. II: yellow/blue equilibria and nonlinear models. Vision Res. 15, 723–731 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Webster, M.A., Miyahara, E., Malkoc, G., Raker, V.E.: Variations in normal color vision. II. Unique hues. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1545–1555 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Werner, J.S., Wooten, B.R.: Opponent chromatic mechanisms: relation to photopigments and hue naming. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 422–434 (1979)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wuerger, S.M., Atkinson, P., Cropper, S.J.: The cone inputs to the unique-hue mechanisms. Vision Res. 45, 3210–23 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wuerger, S.: Colour constancy across the life span: evidence for compensatory mechanisms. PLoS One 8, e63921 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xiao, K., Fu, C., Mylonas, D., Karatzas, D., Wuerger, S.: Unique hue data for colour appearance models. Part II: chromatic adaptation transform. Color. Res. Appl. 38, 22–29 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Derrington, A.M., Krauskopf, J., Lennie, P.: Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque. J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kuehni, R.G.: Unique hues and their stimuli – state of the art. Color. Res. Appl. 39, 279–287 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mollon, J.D., Jordan, G.: On the nature of unique hues. In: Murray, I., Carden, D., Dickinson, C. (eds.) John Daltons colour vision legacy, pp. 381–392. Taylor and Francis, London (1997)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological SciencesInstitute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK