Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Color Dictionaries and Corpora

  • Angela M. Brown
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_54-1


In the study of linguistics, a corpus is a data set of naturally occurring language (speech or writing) that can be used to generate or test linguistic hypotheses. The study of color naming worldwide has been carried out using three types of data sets: (1) corpora of empirical color-naming data collected from native speakers of many languages; (2) scholarly data sets where the color terms are obtained from dictionaries, wordlists, and other secondary sources; and (3) philological data sets based on analysis of ancient texts.

History of Color Name Corpora and Scholarly Data Sets

In the middle of the nineteenth century, color-name data sets were primarily from philological analyses of ancient texts [1, 2]. Analyses of living languages soon followed, based on the reports of European missionaries and colonialists [3, 4]. In the twentieth century, influential data sets were elicited directly from native speakers [5], finally culminating in full-fledged empirical corpora of color...


Color Naming Macular Pigment Color Term Native Term Ancient Text 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Optometry, Department of OptometryOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA