Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Gloss Meter

  • Bor-Jiunn WenEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_355-1



A gloss meter is an instrument that is used to measure the specular reflection gloss of a surface. Gloss is determined by projecting a beam of light of an intensity at a fixed angle onto a surface and measuring the amount of reflected light at an equal but opposite angle.


The gloss meter measures gloss intensity under a fixed set of illumination and viewing conditions [ 1, 2, 3]. Figure 1 shows the configuration of both illumination source and a detector across a limited range of observation reception angles. The measurement results of a gloss meter are related to the amount of reflected light from a black glass standard with a defined refractive index. The ratio between the reflected and incident light for the specimen across a range of angles is compared with the ratio for the gloss standard, and is recorded as gloss units (GU).
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    Hunter R.S.: Methods of Determining Gloss. NBS Research Paper RP 958, J. Res. NBS, 18, 77, 281 (1937)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jones, L.A.: The gloss characteristics of photographic papers. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 6, 140 (1922)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
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    CIE 15: Colorimetry, 3rd edn (2004)Google Scholar
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    Gloss Meter Industry Standards. Available at: http://www.gloss-meters.com/GlossIntro5.html. Accessed 21 Mar 2014

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic EngineeringNational Taiwan Ocean UniversityKeelungTaiwan