Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Munsell, Albert Henry

  • Rolf Kuehni
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_307-1


Munsell was born on January 6, 1858, in Boston, MA, where his father was in the piano business. After high school he attended the Massachusetts Normal Art School in Boston. In 1879 he studied Ogden Nicholas Rood’s influential book Modern Chromatics. In 1881 he was named an instructor and later a lecturer at this school, positions he held for 25 years. He was awarded a scholarship that made it possible for him to study from 1885 to 1888 at the Académie Julian and the École nationale superieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris and 1 year in Rome. After he returned he was an active painter of portraits and seascapes. In 1889 he received a patent for an adjustable artist’s easel. In 1894 he married Julia Orr, the daughter of a New York financier, with whom he had a son, Albert Ector Orr Munsell, and three daughters. Munsell died on July 28, 1918, in Brookline, MA [ 1].


Modern System Munsell Color Decimal System Color Notation Color Atlas 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Munsell, A. H.: The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography 36, p. 316 (1950)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Munsell, A. H.: Color sphere and mount. US Patent No. 640,792 of 9 Jan 1900Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Munsell, A.: Notebooks 1900–1918. Accessible at www.cis.rit.edu/research/mcsl2/online/munselldiaries.php. Accessed 15 Jan 2014
  4. 4.
    Munsell, A.H.: Color and an Eye to Discern It. Self-Published, Boston (1907)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Munsell, A.H.: A Color Notation. Ellis, Boston (1905)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Munsell, A.H.: Atlas of the Munsell Color System. Ellis, Boston (1907)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Munsell, A.H., Cleland, T.M.: A Grammar of Color. Strathmore Paper, Mittineage (1921)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Berns, R.S., Billmeyer, F.W.: Development of the 1929 Munsell book of color. Color Res. Appl. 10, 245–250 (1985)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wyszecki, G., Stiles, W.S.: Color Science, 2d edn. Wiley, Hoboken (1982)Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Kuehni, R.G.: The early development of the Munsell system. Color Res. Appl. 27, 20–27 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Nickerson, D.: History of the Munsell color system and its scientific application. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 575–585 (1940)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CharlotteUSA