Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Deuteranopia

  • Galina V. Paramei
  • David L. Bimler
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_285-1

Synonyms

Definition

Deuteranopia (from the Greek deuteros, second, + an, not, + opia, a visual condition) is a congenital form of severe color deficiency (dichromacy) affecting the red-green opponent color system. Deuteranopes do not distinguish between colors along a specific direction (deuteranopic confusion lines) in color space and are able to match all colors using two primaries (unlike trichromats who require three primaries). Deuteranopia is linked to the X-chromosome and arises from loss or alteration of the gene encoding the opsin of the middle-wavelength (M-) photopigment, this malstructure resulting in the absence of functioning M-cones in the retina. Deuteranopia follows a recessive pedigree pattern, with incidence of ca. 1% in the Caucasian male population. It is distinct from deuteranomaly in which some degree of...

Keywords

Color Vision Color Vision Deficiency Color Categorization Chromaticity Diagram Color Vision Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLiverpool Hope UniversityLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.School of PsychologyMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand