Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo


  • Claudio Oleari
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_265-1


Consider the ILV: International Lighting Vocabulary of the “Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage” [1] (CIE ILV) to identify what areas of vision science regard the adaptation phenomena [2, 3, 4, 5].

CIE ILV defines

Process by which the state of the visual system is modified by previous and present exposure to stimuli that may have various luminance values, spectral distributions, and angular subtenses.

NOTE Adaptation to specific spatial frequencies, orientations, sizes, etc. is recognized as being included in this definition.


Adaptation is a response modification of the visual system to light stimulation. The human visual system (HVS) changes its sensitivity as a function of the evolution over time of the observed scene and therefore has an evolution over time itself. Once the observed scene has stopped changing, the adaptation process continues until it becomes complete and then stops. The notation “adaptation” is used both for the process of...


Human Visual System Dark Adaptation Light Adaptation Background Luminance Color Appearance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ParmaParmaItaly