Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Polychromy

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_248-1

Definition

Polychromy refers to the combination of many colors in a visual scene, whether it is a natural landscape or a man-made arrangement of things, for instance, a piece of art, a design, an object, a building, an urban landscape, etc. The word is formed by the Greek words poly (many) and chroma (color).

Overview

Colors can be divided into two separate classes: chromatic colors (such as red, green, blue, yellow, and any other tone), and achromatic colors (such as white, black, and grays). The characteristic of chromatic colors is that they have a definite hue, in addition to a certain saturation and lightness. Achromatic colors do not have a definite hue, and their saturation has a zero value; they are only distinguished by their lightness. When many chromatic colors of different hue appear together, this is called a polychromaticcomposition. If a composition uses colors of different saturation and lightness but of the same hue (for instance, different kinds of yellow that could...

Keywords

Word Color Achromatic Color White Marble Chromatic Color Modern Architecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. 1.
    Nemcsics, A.: Colour Dynamics. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest (1990) (1993)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goodwin, T.G.: A Short Account of the Art of Polychrome Historical and Practical. Joseph Masters, London (1860)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hittorff, J.-I.: Restitution du temple d’Empédocle à Sélinonte, ou l’architecture polychrôme chez les Grecs. Firmin Didot, Paris (1851)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caivano, J.: Research on color in architecture and environmental design: brief history, current developments, and possible future. Color Res Appl 31(4), 350–363 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quatremère de Quincy, A.: Le Jupiter olympien; ou l’art de la sculpture antique … ouvrage qui comprend un essai sur le goût de la sculpture polychrôme …, et l’histoire de la statuaire en or et ivoire chez les grecs et les romains. Firmin Didot, Paris (1814)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manzelli, V.: La policromia nella statuaria greca arcaica. L’Erma di Bretschneider, Rome (1994)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Solon, L.V.: Polychromy: Architectural and Structural Theory and Practice. The Architectural Record, New York (1924)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jones, O.: An Attempt to Define the Principles Which Should Regulate the Employment of Colour in the Decorative Arts. G. Barclay, London (1852)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jones, O.: An Apology for the Colouring of the Greek Court in the Crystal Palace, with Arguments by G.H. Lewes and W. Watkiss Lloyd, and a Fragment on the Origin of Polychromy by Professor Semper. Crystal Palace Library and Bradbury & Evans, London (1854)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jones, O.: The Grammar of Ornament. Day and Son, London (1856)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Audsley, W.J., Audsley, G.A.: Polychromatic Decoration as Applied to Buildings in the Medieval Styles. Henry Sotheran & Co., London (1882)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ozenfant, A., Le Corbusier: Aprés le Cubisme. Edition des Commentaires, Paris (1918). Spanish translation, Después del Cubismo. In: Pizza, A. (ed.) Acerca del Purismo. Escritos 1918–1926, pp. 8–47. El Croquis Editorial, Madrid (1994)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ozenfant, A., Le Corbusier: Le Purisme. L’Esprit Nouveau 4 (1921). Nature et creation. L’Esprit Nouveau 19 (1923). Idées personnelles. L’Esprit Nouveau 27 (1924). Spanish translation. In: Pizza, A. (ed.) Acerca del Purismo. Escritos 1918–1926. El Croquis Editorial, Madrid (1994)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Le Corbusier: Polychromie architecturale. Foundation Le Corbusier, Paris, manuscript (1931). Posthumous edition. In: Rüegg, A. (ed.) Polychromie architecturale. Les claviers de couleurs de Le Corbusier de 1931 et de 1959. Birkhäuser, Basel (1997)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Le Corbusier: Des canons, des munitions? Merci! Des logis… S.V.P. Editions de L’Architecture d’Ajourd’Hui, Paris (1938)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cram, N.: It was never white, anyway: despite his reputation as the godfather of white architecture, Le Corbusier developed complex ideas about color. Architecture (USA), February, 88–91 (1999)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schindler, V.M.: Prefabricated rolls of oil paint: Le Corbusier’s 1931 colour keyboards. In: Caivano, J. (ed.) AIC 2004 Color and Paints, Proceedings of the Interim Meeting of the International Color Association, Porto Alegre, pp. 198–202 (2015). http://www.aic-color.org/congr_archivos/aic2004proc.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2015
  18. 18.
    De Heer, J.: The Architectonic Colour: Polychromy in the Purist Architecture of Le Corbusier. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    CSTB, Centre Scientifique et Technique du Batiment: La Polychromie Architecturale. Cahier Nr. 423. CSTB, Paris (1961)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Secretaria de Investigaciones FADU-UBAUniversidad de Buenos Aires, and ConicetBuenos AiresArgentina