Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Chevreul, Michel-Eugène

  • Georges Roque
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_245-2


Michel-Eugène Chevreul (1786–1889) is one of the most important chemists of nineteenth-century France. A pioneer of organic chemistry, he was twice President of the French Academy of Sciences. His work changed dramatically after his appointment as director of the dyeing department of the Gobelins Manufacture in Paris, where he worked for almost 60 years. At the Gobelins, he developed a considerable amount of work on color, including color classification, color applied to industry, as well as his most famous book on simultaneous contrast of colors, which had a great impact on several generations of artists as well as on color teaching. His exceptional longevity helped him to publish many books and hundreds of scientific papers, most of them on color topics. His 100th birthday was celebrated as a national event; he finally died at 103. His book The Principles of Harmony and Contrast of Colors and their Applications to the Arts [1] was once considered one of the 12 most...


Complementary Color Color Contrast Color Classification Important Book Simultaneous Contrast 
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  1. 1.
    Chevreul, M.-E.: De la loi du contraste simultané des couleurs… Pitois-Levrault, Paris (1839) (The latest English translation is: The Principles of Harmony and Contrast of Colors and their Applications to the Arts (1855). Kessinger Publishing LLC, Whitefish, MT (2009))Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Recherches chimiques sur les corps gras d’origine animale. F.-G. Levrault, Paris (1823)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Considérations générales sur l’analyse organique et sur ses applications. F.-G. Levrault, Paris (1824)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Recherches physico-chimiques sur la teinture. Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Sciences X, 121–124 (1840)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Cercles chromatiques de M.-E. Chevreul, reproduits au moyen de la chromocalchographie. Digeon, Paris (1855)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Exposé d’un moyen de définir et de nommer les couleurs, d’après une méthode précise et expérimentale…. Didot, Paris (1861)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Sur la généralité de la loi du contraste simultané; Réponse de M. Chevreul aux observations de M. Plateau… Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Sciences 58, 100–103 (1864)Google Scholar
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    Morrone, M.C., Burr, D.C., Ross, J.: Illusory brightness step in the Chevreul illusion. Vision Res. 34(12), 1567–1574 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Mollon, J.D.: Chevreul et sa théorie de la vision dans le cadre du XIXe siècle. In: Roque, G., Bodo, B., Viénot, F. (eds.) Michel-Eugène Chevreul: un savant, des couleurs, pp. 137–146. Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle/EREC, Paris (1997)Google Scholar
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    Chevreul, M.-E.: Compléments d’études sur la vision des couleurs…. Firmin-Didot, Paris (1879)Google Scholar
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    Gage, J.: Chevreul between Classicism and Romanticism. In: Gage, J. (ed.) Colour and Meaning: Art, Science and Symbolism, pp. 196–200. Thames and Hudson, London (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueParisFrance