Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo


  • Gertrud Olsson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_242-3



Arrangement of small fragments of stones, colored glasses, golden pieces, or other materials, fixed on walls or pavements and depicting an image or making an abstract pattern. The technique of mosaic is a decorative art that reached a peak during the Byzantine period of Christian art.


The traditional mosaics consist of marbles and stones in the scale of black and white (sometimes together with red) or other materials which were available in nature. At the beginning, in the Antique age, mosaics were used only as pavements, as stones on the ground, a floor material. During the first centuries of Christianity, during the Byzantine period, the Church took over the mosaic technique. The Byzantine technique with walls done with mosaics was new in the fifth and sixth centuries. In the basilicas of Ravenna, Italy, the Byzantine mosaic masters worked with entire walls of mosaic made up of small pieces of colored glass and gold, tesserae,...


Sixth Century Byzantine Period Antique Mosaic Mosaic Technique Stockholm City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ArchitectureKTH, Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden