Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Dye, Metal Complex

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_197-1

Synonyms

Definition

Metal-complex dyes and pigments are the coordination complexes of bi- or polyvalent transition metal ions with various dyes and have versatile application in various fields, which include the dyeing of nylon and protein fibers, paint, toners for photocopiers, laser and ink-jet printers, photoconductors for laser printers, nonlinear optics, singlet oxygen generators, dark oxidation catalysts, and high-density memory storage devices.

Chemistry and Application

Coloration of Textiles

The most prevalent examples are monoazo (C.I. Reactive Violet 1, Fig. 1) and disazo (C.I. Reactive Blue 82, Fig. 2) dyes. While formazan dyes are bi-, tri-, and tetradentate complexes, only tetradentate copper complex formazan dyes (e.g., C.I. Reactive Blue 160, Fig. 3) have found commercial use owing to their intense colors [ 1].

Keywords

Laser Printer Copper Phthalocyanine Singlet Oxygen Generator Zinc Phthalocyanine Aluminum Phthalocyanine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Textile TechnologyNational Institute of Technology, Po. RECJalandharIndia