Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Dye, Metal Complex

  • J. N. Chakraborty
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_197-1



Metal-complex dyes and pigments are the coordination complexes of bi- or polyvalent transition metal ions with various dyes and have versatile application in various fields, which include the dyeing of nylon and protein fibers, paint, toners for photocopiers, laser and ink-jet printers, photoconductors for laser printers, nonlinear optics, singlet oxygen generators, dark oxidation catalysts, and high-density memory storage devices.

Chemistry and Application

Coloration of Textiles

The most prevalent examples are monoazo (C.I. Reactive Violet 1, Fig. 1) and disazo (C.I. Reactive Blue 82, Fig. 2) dyes. While formazan dyes are bi-, tri-, and tetradentate complexes, only tetradentate copper complex formazan dyes (e.g., C.I. Reactive Blue 160, Fig. 3) have found commercial use owing to their intense colors [ 1].


Laser Printer Copper Phthalocyanine Singlet Oxygen Generator Zinc Phthalocyanine Aluminum Phthalocyanine 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Textile TechnologyNational Institute of Technology, Po. RECJalandharIndia