Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Chromatic Contrast Sensitivity

  • Christoph Witzel
  • Karl Gegenfurtner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_17-1

Definition

Chromatic contrast refers to the occurrence of differences in chromaticity (saturated, hue-full color) in a visual percept (scene, image, stimulus). It may consist in differences across space (spatial chromatic contrast) or in changes of chromaticity across time (temporal chromatic contrast). The term chromatic contrast is used in opposition to achromatic contrast, where differences only occur in luminance (gray level). For example, whereas a black-and-white photo only contains achromatic contrasts, a color photo also contains chromatic contrast. While chromatic and color contrast refer to the same visual phenomenon, the term “chromatic contrast” emphasizes research on chromatic contrast sensitivity.

Conceptual Clarifications

Almost every phenomenon in color vision involves contrasts between colors. This is particularly true since colors are not perceived absolutely, but relative to other colors. In fact, contrasts between colors affect the appearance of the single colors....

Keywords

Spatial Frequency Contrast Sensitivity Temporal Frequency High Spatial Frequency Color Discrimination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Diez-Ajenjo, M.A., Capilla, P.: Spatio-temporal contrast sensitivity in the cardinal directions of the colour space. A review. J. Optom. 3(1), 2–19 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dobkins, K.R., Anderson, C.M., Lia, B.: Infant temporal contrast sensitivity functions (tCSFs) mature earlier for luminance than for chromatic stimuli: evidence for precocious magnocellular development? Vision Res. 39(19), 3223–3239 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hansen, T., Gegenfurtner, K.R.: Independence of color and luminance edges in natural scenes. Vis. Neurosci. 26(1), 35–49 (2009). doi:10.1017/S0952523808080796. S0952523808080796 [pii]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kelly, D.H.: Spatiotemporal variation of chromatic and achromatic contrast thresholds. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73(6), 742–750 (1983)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kelly, D.H., van Norren, D.: Two-band model of heterochromatic flicker. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(8), 1081–1091 (1977)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Knoblauch, K., Vital-Durand, F., Barbur, J.L.: Variation of chromatic sensitivity across the life span. Vision Res. 41(1), 23–36 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mullen, K.T.: The contrast sensitivity of human colour vision to red-green and blue-yellow chromatic gratings. J. Physiol. 359, 381–400 (1985)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mullen, K.T., Kingdom, F.A.: Differential distributions of red-green and blue-yellow cone opponency across the visual field. Vis. Neurosci. 19(1), 109–118 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parraga, C.A., Troscianko, T., Tolhurst, D.J.: Spatiochromatic properties of natural images and human vision. Curr. Biol. 12(6), 483–487 (2002). doi: S0960982202007182 [pii]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schütz, A.C., Braun, D.I., Kerzel, D., Gegenfurtner, K.R.: Improved visual sensitivity during smooth pursuit eye movements. Nat. Neurosci. 11(10), 1211–1216 (2008). doi:10.1038/nn.2194. nn.2194 [pii]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schütz, A.C., Braun, D.I., Gegenfurtner, K.R.: Chromatic contrast sensitivity during optokinetic nystagmus, visually enhanced vestibulo-ocular reflex, and smooth pursuit eye movements. J. Neurophysiol. 101(5), 2317–2327 (2009). doi:10.1152/jn.91248.2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Teller, D.Y.: Spatial and temporal aspects of infant color vision. Vision Res. 38(21), 3275–3282 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Watson, A.B..: Perceptual-components architecture for digital video. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A Opt. Image Sci. 7(10), 1943–1954 (1990)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Williams, D., Sekiguchi, N., Brainard, D.: Color, contrast sensitivity, and the cone mosaic. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90(21), 9770–9777 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGiessen UniversityGiessenGermany