Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Coloration, Mordant Dyes

  • Martin Bide
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_153-1

Definition

Probably the one word that those otherwise unfamiliar with dyeing know is “mordant” and its derivation from the Latin “mordere” (to bite) with the implication that such a compound forms a link between dye and fiber. However, given the complexities of the dyeing process, it is difficult to write a simple definition for “mordant.” The concept is rooted in history, when only natural fibers and natural dyes were available, and scientific understanding was insufficient to explain fully the functions of the various materials used to provide dyeings that were fast to washing, sunlight, etc. As that understanding has developed, the need for mordants has declined to the point where they are commercial oddities. For the purposes of this entry, the definition is as follows:

A mordant is a substance applied to a textile substrate in parallel with the dyeing process that modifies the interaction of dye and fiber (and remains present in the subsequent dyed material) to provide better...

Keywords

Good Fastness Aluminum Sulfate Dyeing Process Lead Chromate Chromium Salt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TextilesUniversity of Rhode Island, Fashion Merchandising and DesignKingstonUSA