Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Glare

  • Wout van Bommel
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_125-3

Definition

Condition of vision of persons within the illuminated area of a lighting installation in which there is discomfort and/or a reduction in the ability to see details or objects, caused by an unsuitable distribution of luminance and/or an unsuitable range of luminance values [1].

Note that conditions of discomfort or reduction of vision for persons not within the illuminated area are not covered by this definition. That condition is caused by obtrusive light into areas where the light is not meant to be. The effect is called light pollution and is dealt with in a separate entry.

Forms of Glare

Glare can take the form of disability glare that is the form which reduces visual performance. It can also take the form of discomfort glare which causes discomfort. The two forms are different phenomena. They may occur in combination but this needs not always to be the case. Disability glare is especially dependent on the amount of light falling on the eye and hardly on the luminance of...

Keywords

Road Lighting Light Pollution Average Luminance Bright Part Threshold Increment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    CIE Publication: S 017 /E: 2011, International lighting vocabulary. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna 17–492 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holladay, L.L.: Action of a light source in the field of view in lowering visibility. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14 (1927)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    CIE Publication: 146:2002, CIE equations for disability glare. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luckiesh, M., Guth, S.K.: Brightnesses in visual field at borderline between comfort and discomfort (BCD). Illum. Eng. 650–670 (1949)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CIE Publication: 31:1976, Glare and uniformity in road lighting installations. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1976)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Boer, J.B.: Observations on discomfort glare in street lighting; influence of the colours of light, 13st CIE congress Zürich, CIE. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1955)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bullough, J.D., Fu, Z., Van Derlofske, J: Discomfort and disability glare from halogen and HID headlamp systems. SAE Technical paper series 2002-01-0010, Michigan (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Akashi, Y., Asano, S., Kakuta, Y.: Visual mechanisms of discomfort glare sensation caused by LEDs, CIE Publication, x038:2013, Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light” Paris, 327–330, Vienna (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Niedling, M., Kierdorf, D., Völker, S.: Influence of a glare sources spectrum on discomfort and disability glare under mesopic conditions, CIE Publication, x038:2013, Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light” Paris, 340–347, Vienna (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    CIE Publication: 117:1995, Discomfort glare in interior lighting. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1995)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ISO-CIE Publication, CIE S008/E-2001: International Standard, Lighting of indoor work places. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    CIE Publication: 115:2010, Lighting of roads for motor and pedestrian traffic. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    CIE Publication: 136:2000, Guide to the lighting of urban areas. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2000)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fry, G.A.: Evaluating disability effects of approaching automobile headlights. Highw. Res. Bull. 89, 38–42 (1954)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schmidt-Clausen, H.J., Bindels, J.T.H.: Assessment of discomfort glare in motor vehicle lighting. Light. Res. Technol. 6(2), 79–88 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Van Bommel, W.J.M., Tekelenburg, J., Fischer, D.: A glare evaluation system for outdoor sports lighting and its consequences for the design practice, CIE Proceedings: CIE 20st Session. Amsterdam, 1983, International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1983)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    CIE Publication: 112:1994, Glare evaluation system for use within outdoor sports and area lighting. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1994)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Balder, J.J.: Erwünschte Leuchtdichten in Büroräumen. Lichttechnik 9, 455 (1957)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    De Boer, J.B.: Fundamental experiments of visibility and admissible glare in road lighting, CIE 12th Session, Stockholm, CIE. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (1951)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Higashi, H., Koga, S., Kotani, T.: The development of evaluation for discomfort glare in LED lighting of indoor work place: the effect of the luminance distribution of luminous parts on subjective evaluation, CIE Publication, x038:2013, Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light”, Paris, 648–662, International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2013)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhu, X., Demirdes, H., Gong, X., Lai, J., Heynderickx, I.: The luminaire beam-shape influence on discomfort glare from Led road lighting luminaires, CIE Publication, x038:2013, Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light”, Paris, 648–662, International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.van Bommel Lighting ConsultantNuenenThe Netherlands