Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Combustion Lamp

  • Wout van Bommel
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_121-10



Lamps that produce light as a result of an exothermic reaction between the vapor of a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel, consisting of hydrocarbons and oxygen.

Types of Combustion Lamps

Torches, oil lamps, candles, and gas lamps all are combustion types of lamps. The light comes from the flame that is the result of a reaction between oxygen and the vapor of a solid fuel in the case of candles, of a liquid fuel in the case of oil lamps, and of a gaseous fuel in the case of gas lamps. A spark is needed for starting the reaction.

Working Principle

In all combustion types of lamps, after a spark has initiated the process, the combustion reaction takes place between the gaseous state of hydrocarbons of the fuel and oxygen from the air. The products of the reaction are carbon dioxide (CO 2), water vapor (H 2O), heat, and light in the form of a flame. In oil lamps and candles, the wick draws, by its capillary action, the fuel to the flame against the force of...


Light Output Soot Particle Street Lighting Luminous Efficacy Correlate Color Temperature 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.van Bommel Lighting ConsultantNuenenNetherlands