Pediatric Nephrology in North America

  • Victoria F. Norwood
  • Maury Pinsk
Living reference work entry


Pediatric nephrology has existed as a recognized subspecialty of the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) since 1974, coming into official existence after cardiology in 1961 and at the same time as hematology and oncology. In Canada, the clinical practice of pediatric nephrology started in mid 1960s, with the first training programs established in Canada in the late 1960s. To date, the specialty continues to be a joint specialization in pediatrics and nephrology with the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Despite its longevity, the number of certified nephrologists has remained small, approximately 750 physicians in the USA and 125 in Canada throughout the 40-year history of the subspecialty. There are approximately 450 active pediatric nephrologists in the USA and less than 70 in Canada, making the specialty quite small in the overall population of pediatric subspecialists which number >21,000. The most recent ratios reported by the ABP note 150,158 US...


Peritoneal Dialysis Nephrotic Syndrome Acute Kidney Injury Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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